Benzene is an aromatic organic compound. Benzene is a colorless liquid that is used in the industrial production of a group of materials such as polystyrene, synthetic rubber, and nylon. Benzene was discovered in 1825 by Michael Faraday. Benzene is a carcinogenic and poisonous substance.
The name of the material (Persian language): 1, 3, and 5-cyclohexatriene
English name: 1,3,5-cyclohexatriene
Brand (Farsi): Benzene
Brand name: Benzene
Other names: Benzoil, Carbon oil, Cyclohexatriene, Phenyl hydride
Related Materials: Aromatic
Complexes: Imam Bandar Petrochemical Complex - Bu-Ali Sina Petrochemical Complex - Borzvyeh Petrochemical Complex
Place of delivery: Imam Bandar Petrochemical Complex - Bu-Ali Sina Petrochemical Complex - Borzouei Petrochemical Complex
Packing: bulk, carrying with tanker
Benzene is a colorless liquid that is used in the industrial production of a group of materials such as polystyrene, synthetic rubber, and nylon. This liquid is also used in the preparation of detergents and dyes. Benzene belongs to the hydrocarbon family, each molecule of which has 6 carbon atoms and 6 hydrogen atoms, creating a ring arrangement. Carbon atoms are linked together by a double bond, and the chemical formula is C6H6. This arrangement is called benzene ring, which is found in many compounds including aspirin and explosives like
It is available in plastic materials, resins, nylon, lubricating oils, colored materials, detergents, pesticides and so on. Mainly used in the preparation of alkylbenzenes such as LAB, DDB, styrene, chlorobenzenes, aniline, nylon and as a solvent.
Physical and chemical properties:
Molecular formula: C6H6
Molar mass: 78.11 g mol-1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density: 0.8765 (20) g / cm3
Melting point: 5.5 C, 279 K, 42
Boiling point: 80.1 C, 353 K, 176 F
Solubility in water 0.8 g / L @ 25 ° C
Viscosity 0.652 cP at 20 ° C
Dipole moment 0 D
Flashpoint: -11 C
Catalytic Reforming: In this method, a group of hydrocarbons with a boiling point of 60 to 200 ° C is combined in the presence of platinum or chloride rhodium chloride at 500 and a pressure of 8 to 50 atmospheres with hydrogen. The final product, after separation, includes benzene.
Toluene Hydroalkylation: In this method, toluene is converted to benzene.
The disproportionate amount of toluene: In units that both toluene and xylene are considered, this method is a good alternative to hydro-alkalinization.
Steam cracking: This is a good way to produce ethylene and other alkenes from linear and large hydrocarbons. Benzene is a byproduct of some of these reactions, including pyrolysis of gasoline.
1- Aromatic friend electron substitute
2. Reduction: In this method, benzene and its derivatives are converted to cyclohexane and its derivatives.
The most important effects of benzene include blood poisoning, genetic effects, and carcinogens. Benzene affects the nervous system of the body.